COVID-19 AND ITS ALARMING PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS
As the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic had spread across the planet, it’s causing fear, stress anxiety, and hopelessness among masses, all of which are natural and normal reactions to the changing and unsure situation that everybody finds themselves in.
Dr. Hans Henri P. Kluge, WHO Regional Director for Europe commented on this situation
“The main issue facing each and each one among us is the way to manage and react to the stressful situation spreading so rapidly in our lives and communities. We will cope thereon through the remarkable powers of strength and cooperation that we, fortunately, possess as humans. Which is what we must specialize in to reply most effectively and consciously to the present crisis as individuals, family and community members, friends, and colleagues.”
World Health Organization considered the impact of the disorder on people’s psychological state very seriously and thoughtfully as result monitoring things alongside national authorities while providing information, assistance, and guidance to governments and therefore the public. The organization has also worked with partners to develop a group of latest materials on the psychological state and psychosocial support aspects of COVID-19.
MENTAL HEALTH AND COVID-19:
Coronavirus is inducing a substantial degree of fear, worry, and concern within the population at large and among certain groups especially, like older adults, care providers, and other people with underlying health conditions.
In psychological state terms, the most psychological impact is elevated rates of stress or anxiety. But as new measures and impacts are introduced to stop the spread of this disorder, especially quarantine and its effects on many people’s usual activities, routines or livelihoods, this increases levels of loneliness, depression, use of harmful alcohol and drug, and self-harm or suicidal behavior had also raised.
Populations that had already heavily affected, like Lombardy in Italy, problems with service, and continuity for people with developing or existing mental health conditions also are now a serious concern, alongside the mental health and well-being of frontline workers.
Psychological Impact of The COVID-19 On Children
No doubt this is an unusual time for all of us, especially for children who are facing an enormous and unexpected disruption to their lives. Worry, anxiety, and fear is being experienced by children, and this includes the types of distress that are experienced by adults too, such as a fear of dying, a fear of their relatives dying ending with fear of loneliness, or a fear of what it means to receive medical treatment.
Schools had closed as part of the necessary measure, this can end with the no longer sense of structure and stimulation in children that is provided by that controlled environment, and now they have less opportunity to be with their friends and social interaction and get that social support that is essential for good mental well-being and normal mental development.
Being at home increased the risk of interpersonal violence if their home is not a safe place. This situation is very concerning and alarming.
Children are sensitive to change, young children may find these changes difficult to absorb and adapt, and as a result, both young and older children may express irritability and anger. Children want to experience closeness to their parents, ending in making more demands on them, and, in turn, some parents felt themselves under pressure.
Simple strategies that can help, including giving love and attention to young people because this is the only way through which they can overcome their fear, and being honest with them, explaining what is happening in an easy way that they can digest, even if they are young. Children are very insightful and will model how to respond from their side. Parents should cope with their mood swings and stress condition so that they can be models for their children. Making way for children to express themselves through creative activities, and providing structure in the day – if that is possible – through scheduling their routines, as they are not going to school, is beneficial.
Mental health and psychosocial support services should be in reach for young ones, and child protection services should be active to ensure that the care is still available for the children who need it.
Psychological Impact of Covid-19 On The Elderly:
This can be extremely frightening and very fear-inducing for the elderly as they are told that they are very vulnerable to COVID-19. The psychological impacts of older people include anxiety and stress or anger. It impacts is highly dangerous for older people who are experiencing cognitive decline or dementia. And to some older people who are introduced to social isolation and experiencing loneliness for the first time in their life can be worsened for their mental health.
For the positive change, there are many things that older people can initiate themselves with the support of a caretaker, to protect themselves from mental disturbance. These include many of the strategies, such as performing an exercise, doing physical activities that keep their body engaged, keeping to routines or creating new ones, and engaging in activities that give a sense of achievement. Maintaining social connections is also important. Some older people are familiar with digital methods and others need guidance on how to use gadgets. Once again, the mental health and psychosocial support services and other services that are needed to this population must be available at this time of difficulty.
covid-19 can mentally retard people as it in bounds them in homes and keeps away from social connections which disturbs them to an ultimate level. in this time its good for people to invest time in meditation and religious praying to mentally calm themselves and in keeping serene environment in their homes.
in this regard, women can organize their beauty routines to pamper and make themselves feel special . similarly indulging in healthy co curricular activities can also keep one fresh and peaceful and not to take the toll of lock down and sitting home on their minds.
This article highlights the increased anxiety levels that an individual experienced on a regular basis in this isolation regarding their health, the health of their peers, their children, certain avoidance behaviors as a result of the disease, and behavioral changes of the concerned population. Besides calling attention to this worrisome situation, there is a list of possible solutions to cope with distress that may help. Hopefully, this article will help the concerned authorities to take measures in order to alleviate the psychological and behavioral impact of COVID-19.