Endless War In Yemen (2015 — Present); Breaking It Down
Yemen is the Arab’s world poorest country, which has been devastated by the civil war. Yemen is the biggest humanitarian crisis within the planet and youngsters are robbed of their future. Like all the world Yemen is also facing COVID-19 and Yemen is more at risk without access to life-saving aid. And people of Yemen are already in pathetic condition because of malnutrition and devastated health conditions.
Yemen is an independent country, officially recognized as “The Republic of Yemen” with capital Sanna which is its largest city too. Their official religion is Islam with language Arabic. And people of this country use currency (YER). This country located at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is the second-largest Arab supreme state in the peninsula, that is occupying 527,970 square kilometers. This country is also bestowed with a coastline of about 2,000 kilometers.
Saudi Arabia is present in the north of this country, the Red Sea is in the west, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel in the south, and it has boundaries with Oman in the east. Yemen’s territory comprises more than 200 islands, along with Socotra islands in the Guardafui Channel. Yemen is an official member of the Arab League, United Nations (UN), Non-Aligned Movement, and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). Yemen is labeled as a failed state with a high essential requirement of transformation.
Cause of the Civil War:
The second civil Yemini war was started in 2015 and it is still endless. This conflict is between two groups, one is Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi that led the Yemeni government and therefore the other is Houthi armed movement, backed with their supporters and allies. Both sides claim to constitute the official government of Yemen.
The conflict started with the failure of a political alternation that was supposed to bring stability to Yemen. Yemen has been during a state of political crisis since 2011, starting with street protests against poverty, unemployment, corruption. Under all these circumstances president Saleh’s plan to rephrase Yemen’s constitution and also abolished the presidential term limit backed up by the decision of declaring himself as president for life. In 2011, President Saleh stepped down from his authorities, and the powers of the presidency were handed over to Vice President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, who was formally and officially elected president on 21 February 2012 in a one-candidate election by masses of Yemen.
As president, Mr. Hadi worked hard to deal with a variety of problems such as attacks by jihadists, which is a separatist movement active in the south, the loyalty of security forces to Saleh instead of the government, as well as corruption, unemployment, and food insecurity.
The Houthi movement (known as Ansar Allah), which ally Yemen’s Zaidi Shia Muslim minority which is rebellions. This group took advantage of the new president’s weakness and took control of their northern core land of Saada province and connecting zones.
Disappointed with the transformation, many common Yemenis – including Sunnis – supported the Houthis (Shia Group), in between2014 and 2015 the rebels gradually took over the hold of capital Sanaa. The Houthis and security forces loyal to Saleh attempted to take control of the entire country, which made Mr. Hadi flee abroad, in March 2015.
Different Countries Jumped in it Making It More Worst:
Making war more worst by enrolments of a different group. It is believed that the Houthi movement is militarily sponsored by regional Shia power Iran. Saudi Arabia and eight other mostly Sunni Arab states began an air campaign in Yemen to defeat the Houthis and to end their game, to end Iranian influence in Yemen and restoring Mr. Hadi’s government.
The conflict gains logistical and intelligence support from the US, UK, and France. And in the end, it becomes a war between Iran and Saudi Arab (Shia- Sunni) using Yemen as a War Field. Making it hilarious condition, as people of Yemen are living spoiled and devastated lives. Their children have no future and people are facing severe malnutrition.
Pathetic Condition of Human in Yemen:
Minimizing it, Yemen is undergoing the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. The UN had recorded the deaths of at least 7,700 civilians in March 2020, with most caused by Saudi’s airstrikes.
Surveilling groups believe the death rate is far higher. The US-based Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED) said in October 2019 that they had recorded quit 100,000 mortalities, alongside 12,000 civilians killed indirect attacks. More than 23,000 deaths were reported in 2019, making it the second most fatal year of the war so far.
Thousands of more citizens have died from preventable causes, including malnutrition, disease, and poor health and lake of health aids.
It is recently estimated that 85,000 children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition and many of them might have died between April 2015 and October 2018.
About 80% of the population – 24 million people – need humanitarian assistance and protection.
Approximately 20 million people need help and food, according to the UN. Almost 10 million people are “one step away from famine”.
An estimated 2 million children are severely malnourished, approximately almost 360,000 children under five years old are struggling to survive.
With only half of the country’s 3,500 medical facilities are fully active, and almost 20 million people lack access to adequate healthcare. Eye breaking conditions that almost 18 million do not have access to clean water or opportunity of adequate sanitation.
Consequently, paramedic staff has struggled to coup up with the largest cholera outbreak ever recorded, which has ended in more than 2.2 million suspected cases and 3,895 deaths since October 2016.
The United Nations has warned that the death number from the coronavirus pandemic could “exceed the combined death rate of war, disease, and hunger over the last five years.”
The war has displaced more than 3.65 million people from their homes enabling them to live in camps or under the open sky.
The concern of World:
Yemen has greatly increased regional tensions. West is afraid of it because of the threat of attacks from al-Qaeda or IS affiliates, as it is arising from Yemen making it more unstable.
The conflict is mainly between regional power Shia-ruled Iran and Sunni-ruled Saudi Arabia. Rising Shia-Sunni conflicts world-wide.
Gulf Arab states – supporters of President Hadi – have accused Iran of sponsoring the Houthis financially and militarily, and Iran has denied this.
Yemen is also politically important because of its connection with the Red Sea through the Gulf of Aden, Red Sea through which much of the world’s oil shipments use to pass through.